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Jeffry Wyatville (also known as Jeffry Wyatt)

Who was Sir Jeffry Wyatville?

Sir Jeffry Wyatville (1766–1840) was a prominent English architect, best known for his significant contributions to the field of architecture during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Born in Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire, England, on August 3, 1766, the son of Joseph Wyatt (1739-1785), he embarked on a career that would establish him as a key figure in the architectural landscape of his time. He was a responsible administrator with a good level of control over the site and his works. Indeed, the Duke of Devonshire once described him as 'a delightful man, good, simple, like a child, eager, patient, easy to deal with to the highest degree'.

Life and Work

Early in his career, Wyatville trained under James Wyatt, a renowned architect of the period, and later adopted the surname "Wyatville" in homage to his mentor. This association played a crucial role in shaping his architectural style, which combined classical influences with his own innovative designs.

One of Wyatville's early notable works was the completion of Ashridge House in Hertfordshire. His talent and dedication to his craft quickly garnered attention, leading to prestigious commissions. However, it was his appointment as the Surveyor General of Woods, Forests, and Land Revenues in 1824 that marked a turning point in his career. This role gave him responsibility for overseeing the maintenance and improvement of royal residences and parks.

Undoubtedly, Wyatville's most famous project was the transformation of Windsor Castle, a commission he received in 1824 from King George IV. There, he looked to add comfort to the already extensive buildings, as well as increase the picturesqueness of the castle. His renovations included adding the iconic Round Tower and altering the State Apartments. The extensive work not only restored the castle to its former glory but also introduced Wyatville's distinctive touches, showcasing his ability to seamlessly blend modern elements with historic structures.

Another noteworthy achievement was his work on St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, where he implemented renovations and repairs. The Chapel's restoration under Wyatville's supervision contributed to its preservation and status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Sir Jeffry Wyatville's architectural style was characterized by a blend of classical and Gothic elements, showcasing a keen understanding of both traditional and contemporary design principles. His meticulous attention to detail, along with a commitment to preserving historical integrity, set him apart as a respected architect of his era. Wyatville has been described as the 'qunitessential Regency architect' because was able to work in a variety of styles such as classical, mock-tudor and gothic.

Wyatville's contributions were not limited to royal projects, as he also worked on various country houses and public buildings, leaving an indelible mark on the architectural landscape of his time. He is well-known for his work at country houses such as Longleat, Wiltshire, Woburn Abbey, Bedfordshire and Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire, where he made large alterations as well as additions both externally and internally.

Sir Jeffry Wyatville passed away on February 18, 1840, leaving behind a legacy of architectural excellence. His impact on the field is still evident in the numerous structures that bear his influence, with Windsor Castle standing as a testament to his skill and vision.


  1. Colvin, H. (2008). A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600–1840. Yale University Press.
  2. Summerson, J. (1983). Architecture in Britain, 1530–1830. Yale University Press.
  3. Yarwood, D. (1991). The Architecture of England: From Prehistoric Times to the Present Day. B.T. Batsford Ltd.

Other Sources

  • Linstrum, D (2004) ‘Wyatville [Wyatt], Sir Jeffry (1766–1840)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford; online edn, Oct 2006 [, accessed 4 Oct 2007]

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