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Mr Sir George Gilbert Scott

Sir George Gilbert Scott was a prominent English architect of the 19th century, renowned for his significant contributions to Gothic Revival architecture. Born on July 13, 1811, in Gawcott, Buckinghamshire, England, Scott displayed an early passion for architecture and was influenced by his father, a clergyman with an interest in medieval design.

Scott's architectural journey began with an apprenticeship under James Edmeston, followed by formal education at the Royal Academy and London’s office of Henry Roberts. His talent quickly gained recognition, leading to his appointment as assistant to architect James Pennethorne.

Throughout his career, Scott exhibited a deep reverence for medieval architecture, particularly Gothic styles. His admiration for the Gothic period's grandeur and intricate designs greatly influenced his work. Scott’s dedication to restoring and reviving medieval structures earned him wide acclaim.

One of his most renowned achievements was the restoration of the iconic Westminster Palace's (Houses of Parliament) neo-Gothic architecture after the disastrous fire in 1834. His restoration work on many cathedrals, such as Ely, Hereford, and Lichfield, solidified his reputation as a master of Gothic restoration.

From 1839 he worked alongside both William Bonython Moffat and John Oldrid Scott. His works include St Pancras Station in 1865 and the Hyde Park Albert Memorial in 1862.

Scott’s original designs also left an indelible mark on the architectural landscape. His creations include the Midland Grand Hotel at St Pancras Station, the Albert Memorial in London, and the Martyrs' Memorial in Oxford. Each structure showcased his exceptional craftsmanship and commitment to Gothic aesthetics.

His influence extended beyond his architectural works; Scott was a strong advocate for the professionalization of architecture. He played a pivotal role in establishing the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and served as its president from 1858 to 1860.

Scott's legacy continues to influence architectural discourse, with his emphasis on historicism and revival styles shaping architectural movements for decades. His contributions earned him a knighthood in 1872, recognizing his immense impact on the field of architecture.

Sir George Gilbert Scott passed away on March 27, 1878, leaving behind a legacy of architectural excellence and a profound influence on the revival of Gothic architecture.


  1. Stamp, Gavin. "Sir George Gilbert Scott (1811–1878)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  2. Curl, James Stevens. "Victorian Architecture." Oxford University Press, 1990.
  3. Hopkins, Owen. "Sir George Gilbert Scott: The Architecture of the Late Victorians." Architectural History Foundation, 1999.

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