Drummohr (also known as Westpans, Drummore)8805

Musselburgh, Scotland

Brief Description

Drummohr is a mansion-house with designed landscape dating from the mid-18th century.

History

In 1753 the existing house, known as Drummore House was built by Sir Hew Dalrymple (born 1690 died 1755), Lord of Session (Lord Drummore) and passed to his son Sir Hugh Dalrymple, in 1755. By the early-19th century the house was in the ownership of the Aitchiesons and in 1808 William Aitchieson extended the house, demolishing the west bow and adding the west wing. In 1927 Drummore ceased to be a private residence when the estate was purchased by Loretto School and the Girls’ School established in the house, with a playing field created for school sports in 1928.

Detailed Description

The surviving house at Drummohr was constructed in the mid-18th century replacing an earlier property, Westpans. The layout of the designed landscape appears to date from this time, providing the setting for the new mansion house. Although the landscape was extended and modified during the 19th century, and despite several changes of use in the 20th century for both house and landscape, the broad structure of the design survives to the present day. Views sout-east from Drummohr are towards Falside Castle and Hill, and to the north and north-west towards The Firth of Forth, Inchkeith and Fife.

Further details about Drummohr are available on the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland website:

http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/346318/details/drummohr/

http://orapweb.rcahms.gov.uk/wp/00/WP003806.pdf

REFERENCES

1. MAPPED SOURCES

Unless otherwise stated all maps referenced are from the online National Library of Scotland Map Collection

http://maps.nls.uk

1736 John Adair - A Map of East Lothian

1745 Herman Moll - Lothian : Contains The Shire of Linlithgow or West Lothian The Shire of Edinburgh or Midlothian and Haddington or East Lothian

Circa 1755 William Roy - Military Survey of Scotland (Lowlands)

1802 William Forrest - Map of Haddingtonshire

1815 George Thomas – Survey of the Frith [sic] of Forth

1820 John Thomson - Haddington

Ordnance Survey First Edition Six inch to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet 3 Surveyed 1853, Published 1854 Haddingtonshire Sheet 8 Surveyed 1853, Published 1854

Ordnance Survey First Edition One inch to One mile Edinburgh Sheet 32 Surveyed 1851-56 Published 1857

Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions Six inch to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet IV.NE Revised 1893, Published 1895 Sheet IV.SE Revised 1893, Published 1895

Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions 25 inch to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet 004.08 Revised circa1893, Published 1895

Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet 004.12 Revised circa1893, Published 1895

Ordnance Survey Third Edition One inch to One mile Edinburgh Sheet 32 Surveyed 1901 Published 1904

Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet 004.08 Revised circa1906, Published 1907

Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet 004.12 Revised 1906, Published 1907

Ordnance Survey ‘Popular’ Edition One inch to One mile Edinburgh Sheet 74 Revised 1923 Published 1926

Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions 6 inches to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet IV.NE Revised 1938, Published circa1944
Ordnance Survey Second & Later Editions 6 inches to One mile Edinburghshire Sheet IV.SE Revised 1938, Published circa1944
2. PRIMARY & DOCUMENTARY SOURCES
Plans & Elevation of Drummore House; One of the Plates (No 14), in George Jamieson’s ‘33 Designs’; mid-18th century RCAHMS National Monuments Record of Scotland; UND/130/3
Estate Plan: Plan of the House, Gardens & Policies of Drumore in East Lothian, the Property of Robert Finlay of Drumore Esquire. June 1764. In private ownership.
Estate Plan: Drumore – The Property of William Aitchison Esq. Surveyed by John Ainslie 1809. In private ownership.
Plan of the Estate of Drummore, Midlothian & East Lothian 1852 RHP 41334 National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
Plan of Drummore & Prestongrange Coal Workings, Midlothian & East Lothian 1878 RHP 41342 National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
Register of Sasines Record number 489. July 28th 1854. National Records of Scotland (National Archives of Scotland)
Register of Sasines Record number 546. Dec. 1st 1854. National Records of Scotland
Prints & drawings showing alterations to the house1882.RCAHMS Ref. DP 05462/3/4
Plans show proposed alterations to form school accommodation by Lorimer & Matthew 1926 & 1938. RCAHMS Ref. DP054566, DP05468/9.
Roger, Donald Drummohr Tree Survey 2009
3. HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS & PICTORIAL SOURCES
Drawing; Plans & Elevation of house – one of the plates in George Jamieson’s ‘33 Designs’. National Monuments Record of Scotland UND/130/3
Undated Photograph: View of House from South. RCAHMS
Photograph of North front showing detail of inscribed pediment. RCAHMS Ref SC 718209.
Photograph showing pedimented doorway in garden wall. 2001.RCAHMS Ref E 1876
Undated Photograph: View of south front of house titled ‘King Arthur School, Musselburgh.’ In private ownership
Undated Photograph of Former Rose Garden ‘The Rose Garden at King Arthur School’ (probably 1900s). Latto Collection, John Gray Centre, Haddington. (Copy also on display in Musselburgh Museum)
Aerial Photograph: B 0019 SB 000394 No.60741946 12 June 1944. National Collection of Aerial Photography (Shows a conservatory, and a circular clump of trees in the park to the south of the house.)
1972 Photograph: (East) Entrance to Drummohr 1972. RCAHMS E/4893
Aerial Photograph: C0279 SB 003175 No.51988156 7 June 1988. National Collection of Aerial Photography
Box of photographs showing many interior views of the house & including plasterwork cartouches in the first floor drawing room showing farming implements & gardening tools, East Lodge with Fluted Gate Piers RCAHMS SC 18046.
2001 Photograph: Detail of Inscribed Garden Door Pediment; RCAHMS E/01922
2001 Photograph: Detail of Pedimented Doorway in Garden Wall. RCAHMS E/01876
2001 Photograph: View of Wing from North East. RCAHMS E/01874
Contemporary Google Earth and Bing Map Imagery
4. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PUBLISHED SOURCES
The ‘Old’ Statistical Account of Scotland: Prestonpans County of Haddington volume 17 1791 – 99 page 61
Inveresk, County of Edinburgh volume 16 1791 – 99 Footnote page 14
Paterson, James The Regality of Musselburgh 1857; page 173
Groome, Francis Ordnance Gazeteer of Scotland 1882 – 96; page 375
McNeill, P Prestonpans & Vicinity John Menzies & Co 1902 page 251
The Valuation Roll County of Haddington 1916-17, Parish of Prestonpans; entry no. 307
Stewart, Frank Loretto One Fifty Wm. Blackwood & Sons 1981 pages 237-8, 302-3, 237 –238, 257, 262, 302-3
Statistical Account of East Lothian, Volume 5 1945 – 2000 pages 16, 23, 104-106, 131
Features
  • Country House (featured building)
  • Description: 3-storey, 3-bay classical pedimented house. Tooled coursed pink sandstone rubble (originally harled)
  • Earliest Date:
  • Latest Date:
Access & Directions

Directions

Drummohr is situated approximately 2 kilometres north-east of Musselburgh between the B1348 and the B1361.
History

Detailed History

The First Statistical Account of Scotland 1791-99 for the Parish of Inveresk records that the mansion house and estate of Westpans was possessed by the Joice, Joicy, or Jossy family in the early-18th century. Westpans is also recorded on the late-17th and early-18th century maps of John Adair and Herman Moll.

In 1753 the existing house, known as Drummore House was built by Sir Hew Dalrymple (born 1690 died 1755), Lord of Session (Lord Drummore) and passed to his son Sir Hugh Dalrymple, in 1755. Dunmore House and the first details of a landscape layout are depicted on William Roy's Military Survey of around 1755, the broad framework of this layout appearing to have survived to the present day.

The estate was purchased by the Rev Robert Finlay of Wallyford in 1762, the Finlay family also owning the neighbouring Wallyford Estate, and in the 1790s passed to Captain David Finlay.

By the early-19th century the house was in the ownership of the Aitchiesons and in 1808 William Aitchieson extended the house, demolishing the west bow and adding the west wing. Two years later, around 1810, William Aitchieson created the west driveway and constructed the West Lodge. Groome's Ordnance Gazeteer of Scotland (1888) records the owner of Drumore as Colonel William Aitchieson who had succeeded to the property in 1846 and undertook further modifications to the house including doubling the size of the extension, adding the front porch and inserting French doors in the east bow.

In 1927 Drummore ceased to be a private residence when the estate was purchased by Loretto School and the Girls' School established in the house, with a playing field created for school sports in 1928.

Loretto School continued to use some of the land for playing fields but in 1932 the house, now renamed Drummohr, was let to the Catholic Church with a religious group, the Passionist Fathers occupying the house.

In 1943 the land was leased to a local farmer for agricultural use in aid of the war effort, and in 1948 sold to the Catholic Church. The estate was sold again in the 1970s with the house being used as a hotel and public house but by 1996 Drummohr House was in use as a care home for the elderly with 60 residents before lying unoccupied.

The field in the north-east corner of estate was turned into a caravan and holiday chalet complex in 2000, and in recent years the house and estate have been the subject of several planning applications:

2010: Planning permission granted to convert the house to flats and build seven houses in the grounds Ref No. 10/00203/P (16 March 2010)

2010: Planning permission granted for extension & refurbishment of West Lodge Ref No. 10/00086/P

2011: Application for Planning Permission in Principle for a mixed use development of the site comprising the erection of up to 1200 houses, local centre etc. by Ashfield Commercial Properties Ltd. Ref. No. 11/00664/PPM.

References

Contributors

  • Alan Stevens, East Lothian Gardens and Designed Landscapes Recording Project under the auspices of The Garden History Society in Scotland