Queen Eleanor's Garden 5045

Winchester, England, Hampshire, Winchester

Brief Description

Queen Eleanor's Garden is a re-created, authentically planted, medieval castle garden of the 13th century in the time of Henry III and Edward I and their Queens.

History

The creation of this garden was a joint venture between Hampshire County Council and Hampshire Gardens Trust. It was designed by Dr Sylvia Landsberg with John Harvey as consultant and co-designer. It was opened by HM the Queen Mother on 8 July, 1986, as part of the Domesday 900 celebrations.

Visitor Facilities

The site is open daily between 10 am and 5 pm. Please see: http://www.hants.gov.uk/greathall/visitorinfo.html

Detailed Description

All the stonework in the garden is Purbeck limestone ashlar as used in the Castle. The seats are copied from the window-sill seats in the Great Hall, the fountain is copied from the tomb of Peter de Sancta Mario, 1296, in St Cross Hospital, and old stone paving has been incorporated. The details of the lead pool, bronze leopard heads and falcon are developed from a description of a fountain at Charing Cross Mews, written in 1272. The falcon has details taken from the unique wooden falcon, carved about 1305, in Winchester Cathedral choir stalls. A tunnel arbour is made from curved tree poles, tied together, supporting vines, roses and honeysuckle.

The Queen's Herber is a trellised corner with a floor of mixed wild flowers, turf seats and octagonal table. Queen Eleanor's Coat of Arms is on the door arch. There is a wall turf seat as commonly seen in manuscripts of the time, and a bench made from 200 year old oak and adapted from a nine foot long gothic bench in Winchester Cathedral. The Pentice could have connected the kitchens to the Great Hall and its oak shingles show how the Hall would have been roofed. All the plants, mostly native, would have been grown in 13th-century gardens.

Features
  • Garden Bench
  • Description: There is a bench made from 200 year old oak and adapted from a nine foot long gothic bench in Winchester Cathedral.
  • Earliest Date:
  • Latest Date:
  • Arch
  • Description: Queen Eleanor?s Coat of Arms is on the door arch.
  • Earliest Date:
  • Latest Date:
  • Hedge
  • Description: Bay hedges
  • Fountain
  • Description: The fountain is copied from the tomb of Peter de Sancta Mario, 1296, in St Cross Hospital.
  • Hall (featured building)
  • Earliest Date:
  • Latest Date:
  • Arbour
  • Description: A tunnel arbour is made from curved tree poles, tied together, supporting vines, roses and honeysuckle.
  • Garden Seat
  • Description: There is a wall turf seat as commonly seen in manuscripts of the time.
Camomile Lawn
Access & Directions

Access Contact Details

The site is open daily between 10 am and 5 pm. Please see: http://www.hants.gov.uk/greathall/visitorinfo.html

Directions

The Great Hall and its garden are 10 minutes walk from Winchester Railway Station. For details see: http://www.hants.gov.uk/greathall/great-hall-map.html
History

Detailed History

The garden is named after Queen Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III, and her daughter-in-law Queen Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I.

This south side of the Great Hall was originally the front of the Hall and the wall facing it is the base of the King's House, never completed, built by Sir Christopher Wren. Little is known of Winchester Castle gardens apart from a mention of herbaria, columbaria and falcon houses, so the garden has been created from descriptions of other royal residences of the 13th century.

Its creation was a joint venture between Hampshire County Council and Hampshire Gardens Trust. It was designed by Dr Sylvia Landsberg with John Harvey as consultant and co-designer. It was opened by HM the Queen Mother on 8 July, 1986, as part of the Domesday 900 celebrations. It is the first example of an authentically constructed and planted medieval garden in Britain, so is of great educational value.

Associated People

Just one person associated to Queen Eleanor's Garden

References

Contributors

  • Hampshire Gardens Trust