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Jane Austen

Austen was born in Steventon, near Basingstoke, England, on 16 December 1775, the daugher of Rector, George Austen, the seventh of eight children. In 1801 she moved to Bath, England. In 1809 she was living in Chawton, near Alton, England. She died on 18 July 1817.

Introduction: Jane Austen, born on December 16, 1775, in Steventon, Hampshire, England, is celebrated as one of the most prominent and enduring novelists in English literature. Her keen observations of the social intricacies of the early 19th century, coupled with her incisive wit and insightful commentary, have left an indelible mark on the literary world.

Early Life: Jane Austen was the seventh of eight children born to George Austen, a clergyman, and Cassandra Leigh Austen. Raised in a close-knit family, she was surrounded by the intellectual and literary atmosphere fostered by her father. Jane and her siblings engaged in amateur theatricals and writing endeavors, laying the foundation for her later literary pursuits.

Literary Beginnings: Austen's foray into writing began at a young age. Her juvenilia, including works like "Love and Freindship" and "The History of England," showcased her early talent and wit. However, it was with her mature novels that she would make an enduring impact on literature.

Major Works:

  1. "Sense and Sensibility" (1811): Austen's first published novel explored the themes of love, societal expectations, and the contrast between rationality and emotion.
  2. "Pride and Prejudice" (1813): Perhaps her most famous work, this novel is a timeless exploration of societal class, marriage, and personal growth, centered around the iconic characters Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy.
  3. "Mansfield Park" (1814): Austen delved into the complex dynamics of morality and societal expectations, creating a narrative that remains a subject of literary analysis.
  4. "Emma" (1816): This novel, characterized by its clever and flawed heroine, delves into the consequences of matchmaking and self-discovery.
  5. "Persuasion" (1817): Published posthumously, this novel explores second chances in love and is considered one of Austen's most mature works.

Private Life: Austen's personal life is the subject of much speculation, as she never married and led a relatively quiet existence. Her letters to her sister Cassandra provide glimpses into her thoughts and daily life, revealing a keen observer of human nature and society.

Legacy: Though Austen achieved only modest success during her lifetime, her novels gained increasing popularity in the 19th century. Today, her works are cherished for their wit, social commentary, and timeless exploration of human relationships. Numerous adaptations, including film and television productions, attest to the enduring appeal of Austen's novels.


  1. Tomalin, Claire. "Jane Austen: A Life." Vintage, 1998.
  2. Nokes, David. "Jane Austen: A Life." Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997.
  3. Austen-Leigh, James Edward. "A Memoir of Jane Austen." Oxford University Press, 2002.

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