Tunworth Down House 8962

Basingstoke, England, Hampshire, Basingstoke and Deane

Brief Description

Although the present planting is not original, the structure of the garden remains basically unchanged and thus the site is a good example of Jekyll’s work especially when considered alongside the neighbouring property of Upton Grey Manor. The rural location has ensured that the views in and out of the site are unrestricted and the long vistas towards the north-west are particularly stunning.

History

Tunworth Down House has remained in the same family since it was built in 1919. This family is descended from the famous 18th-century landscape designer and plantsman, Lord Robert Petre. Planting plans for the 1919 gardens were drawn by Gertrude Jekyll and are available to be viewed in the Godalming Museum.

Detailed Description

Location and site

Tunworth Down House occupies an elevated position north of the village of Tunworth which is some five miles south of Basingstoke. The area is agricultural, well-timbered mostly with beech trees and with extensive views in all directions. The area is characterized by its narrow, winding lanes linking the small hamlets in the area. The village of Tunworth is in a Conservation Area but Tunworth Down House lies outside this area (Tunworth Village Design Statement). The site is elevated with good views to the northwest and a shelter-belt of trees along the west boundary. The soil is chalk and clay.

Current description

The outlines of the Jekyll garden are strong and can still be seen in aerial views of the site but the planting is no longer hers. The house is surrounded by fine groves of trees and overlooks wide lawns edged with trim, clipped yew hedges. Terraces, steps, paths and borders are as Gertrude Jekyll designed them. A rose garden which was intended for the west of the house was in fact installed in the eastern ‘sunken' lawn and the outlines of it can still be seen. The kitchen garden has lost its earlier productivity but now provides a quiet location for a swimming pool.

HGT Research: April 2011

References

Primary Sources

Gertrude Jekyll plans at the Godalming Museum: Reef Point 152; Object Number: WAMSB_2202.25.03

Books

Pitcher, A. Upton Grey, Tunworth and Weston Patrick. 1982

Maps

Tithe map of Tunworth 1838; source: Basingstoke Library

OS Explorer 2004, sheet 144

All other maps from HCC/HGT database

Online sources

http://thepeerage.com/surname_index.htm

http://www.basingstoke.gov.uk/planning/localplan/insetmaps.htm

The Times Digital Archive 1785-1985: http://www3.hants.gov.uk/library/reference-online/ref-newspapers.htm

Petre Family History: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Petre,_8th_Baron_Petre

Chambers/ Chichester family history: http://www.barbsweb.co.uk/templeton/chichesters.htm

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:WneP1ZSTdr8J:www.ourrumpus.com/category/family-history/page/2/+Chichester+petre+family+Tunworth&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk

Gertrude Jekyll plans: http://www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk/GetRecord/WAMSB_2202.25.03

http://www.oac.cdlib.org/data/13030/vx/tf1v19n5vx/files/tf1v19n5vx.pdf

Personal Communication:

Mr Charles H Petre, December 2010

Detailed description contributed by Hampshire Gardens Trust 17/04/2015

Authorities

Civil Parish

  • Tunworth
History

Detailed History

Historic development

In 1913 F.H.T. Jervoise offered part of the Herriard estate for sale including 198 acres at Tunworth Down Farm (Times online June 1913). The land was purchased by a Major Claud Chichester and after the Great War ended he and his wife built a large mansion on the site and employed Gertrude Jekyll to draw up plans for the garden. The architect of the house is not known (Pitcher 1982 and Godalming Museum, the Jekyll collection). Following Chichester's death in 1931 the property passed to his daughter and then his grandson, the present owner Mr C. H. Petre. After the Second World War the garden became slightly neglected as the surrounding land was used for racehorse training and the Tunworth Down Farm was converted into stables.

Detailed history contributed by Hampshire Gardens Trust 17/04/2015

Period

  • Early 20th Century (1901-1932)
Associated People

Just one person associated to Tunworth Down House

References

Contributors

  • Hampshire Gardens Trust