Search for the name, locality, period or a feature of a locality. You'll then be taken to a map showing results.

Mr Crawshay Bailey

Crawshay Bailey (1789–1852) was a prominent figure in the industrial landscape of 19th-century Britain, known for his significant contributions to the iron industry. Born in 1789 in Yorkshire, England, Bailey hailed from a family with a background in ironmaking, laying the foundation for his future endeavors in the industry.

Bailey's early years were marked by an immersion in the iron trade. He inherited his father's ironworks at Nantyglo in South Wales, situated in the heart of the thriving industrial region. This inheritance became the launchpad for Bailey's extraordinary career.

Under Bailey's astute leadership, the Nantyglo Ironworks underwent a remarkable transformation, emerging as one of the most productive and profitable ironworks in Britain during the early 19th century. His innovative techniques and business acumen propelled the ironworks to unparalleled success, making a significant impact on the industrial landscape of the time.

Bailey's contributions extended beyond his business acumen. He was a visionary in adopting technological advancements, implementing new methods of production, and improving efficiency within the iron industry. His forward-thinking approach and willingness to embrace innovation helped revolutionize iron manufacturing, setting new benchmarks in the field.

Moreover, Bailey's management style and commitment to his workers earned him a reputation as a fair and benevolent employer. He implemented progressive measures, such as providing housing and social amenities for his workers, setting a standard for humane treatment within the industrial sector.

Despite facing challenges inherent to the era's industrial landscape, including economic downturns and fluctuations in market demands, Bailey's resilience and strategic foresight ensured the continued success and resilience of the Nantyglo Ironworks.

Crawshay Bailey's legacy endured long after his passing in 1852. His contributions to the iron industry played a pivotal role in the industrial revolution and the development of Britain's economy. His innovative approaches and commitment to both technological progress and the well-being of his workers left an indelible mark on the history of industry and labor relations.


  1. Jenkins, J. G. (1968). The Crawshays of Cyfarthfa and Nantyglo: a study in ironmastership. Clarendon Press.
  2. "Bailey, Crawshay (1789–1852), ironmaster." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  3. Evans, Chris. (2007). South Wales Ironmasters. Stewart Williams Publishers.

Associated Places