Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon, archaeologist, was born on 5 January 1906 in London. Kenyon was educated at St Paul's Girls' School and at Somerville College, Oxford, where she obtained a degree in 1928. After graduating from Oxford Kenyon joined the expedition to Zimbabwe with the British Association as a photographer and assistant. Kenyon was influential in introducing stratigraphical methods to the Samarian archaeological field. In 1962 Kenyon left the Institute of Archaeology to become principal of St. Hugh's College, Oxford. She also oversaw the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem. Kenyon resided at Rosehil, Wrexham. Kenyon died on 24 August 1978.