John Bowes was the owner and creator of the Bowes Museum, County Durham, England. Bowes was the illegitimate son of the tenth Earl of Strathmore. He spent many years living in France where he married Josephine Benoite, Countess of Montalbo. Together they amassed a large collection of objects d'art. On Bowes' return to England in 1869, he built a museum to receive this collection.