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James Backhouse (5)

James Backhouse (5) was born in York, North Yorkshire on 14th April, 1861. He was the son of the nurseryman James Backhouse (4) and his wife Mary (née Robson); grandson of the nurseryman, botanist and Quaker missionary James Backhouse (3); and descended from the Backhouse banking family in Darlington.

James (5) went into the family nursery business, and changed it from a family business to a limited company in 1891, re-naming it Backhouse Nurseries (York) Limited.

He was also renowned as a naturalist, and especially for his knowledge of ornithology. Together with his father, he excavated over a 10-year period from 1878 the Moking Hurth Cave (also known as Backhouse Cave, or the Teesdale Cave, or Malkins Cave) at Forest-in-Teesdale, County Durham. He also served as an honorary curator of zoology at the Yorkshire Museum in York.