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Mr Henry William Inwood

Henry William Inwood was an accomplished English architect born on February 15, 1794, and known for his significant contributions to architectural design during the early 19th century. His legacy is closely tied to his innovative works, particularly in church architecture, and his impact on the urban landscape of London.

Inwood's early life and education laid the groundwork for his future success. He was born into a family of artists and architects, with his father, William Inwood, being a notable architect as well. Henry William received his education at the Royal Academy Schools, where he honed his architectural skills and developed a deep appreciation for classical art and design. He was trained by, and also worked in partnership with his father.

One of his most renowned achievements is the design of St. Pancras New Church in London. Inwood won the commission for this project through a design competition in 1818. Completed in 1822, St. Pancras New Church stands as a testament to Inwood's mastery of neoclassical architecture, blending Greek and Roman influences in its design. The church's iconic façade and imposing Greek-cross plan contributed significantly to London's architectural landscape and garnered widespread acclaim.

Inwood's expertise extended beyond his architectural practice; he was also a knowledgeable scholar of classical architecture. His interest in ancient Greek architecture led to his involvement in the publication of "The Erechtheion at Athens," a scholarly work exploring the Erechtheion temple on the Athenian Acropolis. Inwood's meticulous study and illustrations contributed greatly to the understanding of ancient Greek architectural principles and design.

Furthermore, his collaborations with other prominent architects, such as his work alongside Charles Robert Cockerell on the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, showcased his versatility and skill in adapting to various architectural styles.

Though Henry William Inwood's career was marked by several notable achievements, his legacy primarily rests on his contributions to church architecture and his commitment to the revival of classical architectural principles in 19th-century England.

Inwood travelled abroad widely. He was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and is particularly noted for both his written and built works inspired by his Grecian scholarship.

Inwood died on 16 March 1843.


  1. Curl, James Stevens. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. Oxford University Press, 2006.
  2. Summerson, John. "The St. Pancras New Church at London." Architectural Review, vol. 111, no. 665, 1952, pp. 401-408.
  3. Watkin, David. "Inwood, Henry William (1794–1843), architect." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.

Colvin, Howard, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840, 3rd edition (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995), pp. 527-528.