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An Extraordinary Order: The Little Temple at Temple Newsam

Article Index

  1. An Extraordinary Order: The Little Temple at Temple Newsam
  2. Background
  3. Description
  4. Commentary: Context
  5. Commentary: Precedents from Architectural History
  6. Commentary: Purity of Style
  7. Commentary: Non-Architectural Models
  8. Designer: Possible Designers
  9. Designer: Other Hypotheses
  10. Designer: The Model Used
  11. Condition
  12. Conclusions
  13. Appendix 1
  14. Appendix 2
  15. References
  16. Illustrations
  17. All Pages


Jane Brown, Lancelot “Capability” Brown, The Omnipotent Magician, 1716-1783, 2011

Edmund Burke, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, 1757

William Chambers, A Dissertation on Oriental Gardening, 1772

Thomas Chippendale, The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director, 1754

Howard Colvin, Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 2008, 4th ed

James Stevens Curl, Encyclopaedia of Architectural Terms, 1992

Banister Fletcher,  A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method, 1961, 17th ed

Terry Friedman, LAC 76  1975  The Georgian Library at Temple Newsam

Christopher Gilbert, LAC 53  1964  Park and Gardens at Temple Newsam

Jon Gregory, Sarah Spooner, Tom Williamson, Lancelot “Capability” Brown: A Research Impact Review, prepared for English Heritage by the Landscape Group at University of East Anglia, 2013

Wm & John Halfpenny, “Rural Designs in the Gothic Taste”, 1752

John Harris, A Passion for Building: The Amateur Architect in England 1650-1850, 2007

Gill Hedley, Capability Brown and the Northern Landscape, Exhibition Catalogue, Tyne & Wear CC Museum and The Landscape Institute, 1983

Wolfgang Herrmann, Laugier & 18C French Theory, 1962

David Hill, LAC 89, 1981, Archives & Archaeology at TN House

David Hill, LAC 93, 1983, Pictorial Anthology of Temple Newsam

John Dixon Hunt & Peter Willis, The Genius of the Place,1975/1988

John Dixon Hunt, Garden & Grove: The Italian Renaissance Garden in the English Imagination 1600-1750, 1986/1996

John Dixon Hunt, William Kent: Landscape garden designer, 1987

Barbara Jones, Follies & Grottoes, 1974

Batty Langley,  New Principles in Gardening, 1728

Batty Langley, A Sure Method of improving Estates, by plantations of Oak, Elm, Ash, etc, 1728

Batty Langley, Ancient Architecture Restored and Improved by a Great Variety of Grand & Ufefull Designs, Entirely New in the Gothick Mode for the Ornamenting of Buildings and Gardens, Exceeding every Thing that’s Extant, 1742

Batty Langley, Gothic Architecture, improved by Rules and Proportions in many Grand Designs…Temples and Pavilions etc, 1747

Marc-Antoine Laugier, Essai sur l’Architecture, 1757

James Lomax, Temple Newsam Guide Book, 2000

 James Lomax, Pictures at Temple Newsam, 2000

James Lomax, Temple Newsam: Articles, a select bibliography (unpub), Nov 2004

James Lomax,  British Silver at Temple Newsam and Lotherton Hall, 1999

James Lomax, Correspondence of Frances Ingram and Lady Susan Stewart (a selection, unpub), 2014

Robert Morris, Lectures in Architecture,1734

Timothy Mowl, William Kent, architect, designer, opportunist, 2006

Charles Normand, Parallel of the Orders, ed RA Cordingley, 1818/1829/1928/1959

Andrea Palladio, I Quattro Libri dell’ Architettura, 1570, English ed, I Ware,1738, as Four Books of Architecture

Nikolaus Pevsner, Outline of European Architecture, 1943/1960, 6th ed

Nikolaus Pevsner, Buildings of England: Yorkshire West Riding (Leeds, Bradford and the north), 1953, Rev ed by Peter Leach, 2009

Joseph Rykwert, The Dancing Column, 1996

Joseph Rykwert, On Adams House in Paradise, 1972

Sebastiano Serlio, Five Books of Architecture,  English ed by Robert Peake, 1611

Arthur Stratton, The Orders of Architecture, 1931

Dorothy Stroud, Capability Brown, 1975

James Stuart & Nicholas Revett, “The Antiquities of Athens measured and delineated by JS FRS & FSA and NR, Painters and Architects”, Vol 1, 1762

John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530-1830, 1983 ed

Stephen Switzer,  Ichnographia Rustica, 1718/1742

Dr C Treen et al, TN Estate: Cultural Landscape Management Plan, c 2000, LAG/LMU

John Vardy, Some Designs of Mr Inigo Jones and Mr William Kent, 1744

Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, De Architectura  tr MH Morgan, Dover, 1914/1960 (there were numerous and famous editions of Vitruvius “The Ten Books of Architecture”, from the 1480s to the early 20th century)

Horace Walpole, History of the Modern Taste in Gardening, 1771

Robert Wood & James Dawkins, The Ruins of Palmyra, 1753

Robert Wood & James Dawkins, The Ruins of Baalbec, 1757

Thomas Wright, Six Original Designs for Arbours, 1755

Thomas Wright, Six Original Designs for Grottos, 1758

William Wright, Grotosque (sic) Architecture, or Rural Amusement consisting of Plans, Elevations, and Sections for Huts, Retreats, Summer and Winter Hermitages, Terminaries, Chinese, Gothic, and Natural Grottos, Cascades, Baths, Mosques, Moresque Pavilions, Grotesque and Rustic Seats, Green Houses etc…..with the method of executing them, 1767