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Sites created before 1500

  • England , Great Witley, Worcestershire

    Abberley Park was a deer park recorded on documents between the 13th and 18th centuries.

  • England , Alberbury, Shropshire

    In the 16th century, a strip of land on the bank of the Severn near White Abbey was known as Abbey Park. The park has now been lost.

  • England , Evesham, Worcestershire

    Evesham Abbey Park was a deer park enclosed in 1160.

  • Wales , Abergavenny

    The picturesque ruins of Abergavenny Castle are landscaped with 19th-century walks overlooking the Usk valley. In the late-19th century there were further garden developments and the castle walls were embellished with gazebos. All that remains of this phase is a level lawn and a raised rockery.

    Abergavenny Castle Abergavenny Castle

  • England , London

    The churchyard was once larger, reduced when Tower Hill Terrace was created in the east and Tower Place in the south. Closed for burials in the 1850s it was being used as public open space by 1875. The remaining garden area lies at the east end of the church, with areas of grass, trees and shrubs with some tombs and gravestones. In the 1990s a restaurant adjoining the garden was built as part of improvement works.

  • England , Maidstone

    Allington Castle is one of the most secretive and romantically beautiful castles in Kent. It is sadly now almost engulfed by housing and industrial development. Such is the character of its location, however, and the ingenuity of the landscaping of the mere 6 hectares or so now left as is an oasis.

  • England , Alvechurch, Worcestershire

    Alvechurch Park is the site of the mediaeval Bishop's Palace of the Bishops of Worcester and its deer park. The site has noted fisheries. The date range for the site is from the 12th to the 18th century.

  • England , Stratford upon Avon

    The site has been recorded since 886 as part of Worcester Priory. The present house dates from 1689. Features of the garden include a lime avenue, traces of terraces, and a walled garden with a central ornamental lake.

  • England , Oundle

    The extensive formal gardens at Apethorpe Hall consist of early-20th-century terracing and topiary designed by Reginald Blomfield, overlaying a structure of garden compartments created in the 16th and 17th centuries.

  • England , Appleby-in-Westmorland, Cumbria

    Appleby Castle has a park of around 4 hectares. The grounds are home to a collection of rare breeds of animal, including sheep, goats, pheasants, ducks and geese. Other features include the remains of defensive earthworks surrounding the castle and two moats.

  • England , Maidstone

    The Archbishop's Palace was the medieval archiepiscopal residence in Maidstone. It came into the hands of Maidstone Council in 1904, and the site is now used as a registry office. Although not generally open to the public, there are occasional open days, and group tours can be arranged.

  • England , Kidderminster

    Arley House was built in the 1960s on the site of a major 19th-century castellated mansion, Arley Castle, which was demolished around 1960. There is a landscape park, a 19th-century arboretum and a series of garden enclosures, including the Italian Garden with pools, fountains and paths. The gardens have been remodelled since 1965.

  • England , Lancaster

    The parkland, fishpond and tower at Ashton Hall were created in the 14th century. 19th -century features include pleasure grounds, an icehouse and gardens.

    Ashton Hall Ashton Hall

  • England , Dorchester

    Athelhampton has late-19th- and early-20th-century formal gardens and grounds of around 7 hectares. The gardens have been restored and developed since 1957. They are set beside a 15th- and 16th-century house with significant later alterations.

    Athelhampton Walled Garden Athelhampton Walled Garden

  • Scotland , Kirkintilloch

    Auld Aisle Cemetery is a burial ground with 18th-century buildings, situated on the site of a medieval church. There are 19th- and 20th-century extensions to the graveyard, some 19th-century tree planting and a grove of pine trees in the older part of the site.

  • England , Chippenham

    Features of Badlingham Manor include a moat, a garden wall and ponds.

  • England , Littlehampton

    Between 1927 and 1932 Lord and Lady Moyne created a new park at Baliffscourt. 1500 trees were planted, mostly oak and ash from Slindon, Madehurst and Arundel, to form belts of woodland both within the park and elsewhere on the estate. A new drive to the house was laid out from the north-west, crossing the moat through the re-erected gatehouse. The site is now a spa resort hotel.

  • England , Littlehampton

    The house was built around 1640, with associated gardens. There is an orchard, garden and warren to the south-east of the house. There is also a large marl pit and further orchard. A path linking the house to the nearby church is still extant today. A small formal garden with criss-crossing paths was laid out behind the building in the 19th century. Tall hedges of box and yew survived in 1916 but most had gone by 1992.

  • England , Barrow Gurney

    Barrow Court has an enclosed garden layout of around 6 hectares, with the remains of a landscape park of some 60 hectares. The park dates from the 18th century, whilst the gardens are primarily late 19th century. The gardens probably incorporate the earlier layout. The site has a formal garden, also a surviving large kitchen garden. The house has been divided and is in several ownerships.

    Barrow Court. Somerset. Gates and Gatepiers. Barrow Court. Somerset. Gates and Gatepiers.

  • England , Derby, Derbyshire

    The Hall at Barton Blount was originally a moated fortified manor house dating from the 15th century. In the 19th century extensions were made. The terrace in the front of the house is by Bakewell.