Muirfield Gate, (also known as The Pleasance), Gullane, Scotland
Record Id: 8823
This site is NOT open to public.
Brief description of site
Muirfield Gate is a two acre Arts and Crafts-style villa and garden created by architect Sydney Mitchell at the turn of the century as his own home. Recent restoration works to both house and garden have included the reinstatement of Mitchell's 'flower corridor', a structure unique in Scotland. Some additional housing has been inserted into the landscape in the mid-20th century.
Brief history of site
The site was designed by architect Sydney Mitchell in the late-19th and early-20th centuries as his own house and garden. Alterations were undertaken to both house and garden in the mid-20th century, including the construction of additional houses in the landscape. Some of the amendments were the work of garden designer Kate Hawkins. Part of the original design has since been restored including the reinstatement of Mitchell's flower corridor which is thought to be unique.
Address: Duncur Road, EH31 2EG
East Lothian; Aberlady/Gullane/Dirleton
Historical County: East Lothian
|OS Landranger Map Sheet Number:||66||Grid Ref:||NT489835|
Muirfield Gate is located on the northern edge of the village of Gullane, adjacent to Muirfield Golf Course.
Form of site: garden
Context or principal building: villa
Site Style : Arts and Crafts
Site first created: 1897 to 1915
Main period of development: Early 20th century
Site Size (Hectares): 0.39
The Pleasance and its gardens were designed and constructed by architect Sydney Mitchell for his own use. Although largely completed by 1897 he undertook successive changes to both house and gardens throughout his life, one such addition being the unique flower corridor constructed in 1907. This was demolished in the 1950s when a new garden and driveway were laid out by garden designer Kate Hawkins, the property by now known as Muirfield Gate. In the 1970s the four acre gardens were subdivided and four additional houses constructed. Between 2011 and 2013 the flower corridor was rebuilt and restoration of the core landscape around Muirfield Gate undertaken.
Further details about Muirfield Gate are available on the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland website:
1. MAPPED SOURCES
Unless otherwise stated all maps referenced are from the online National Library of Scotland Map Collection
Ordnance Survey Second Edition & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Haddingtonshire Sheet 003.13 Revised 1892, Published 1894
Ordnance Survey Second Edition & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Haddingtonshire Sheet 003.13 Revised circa 1906, Published 1907
Ordnance Survey Second Edition & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Haddingtonshire Sheet 003.13 Revised circa 1938, Published 1945
2. PRIMARY & DOCUMENTARY SOURCES
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland):
Sydney Mitchell diary from 1930 GD492/51
Letters sent by Arthur Mitchell from house 7 August 1899, further letters to Lord Bute, and letters dated 8, 10 August GD 492/117
Will of Sydney Mitchell 1930 p251 SC40/43/16 page 251
Inventory 1930 SC40/40/45 page 548
Sale of land 1897 RS100 138/58 & 140/115
Piece of land along Duncur Road solely for garden use 1911 RS 100 229/73
Completion of land purchase up to 4 acres including rights to take seaware from the shore 1915 RS100 252/48
Royal Commission on the ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS):
Plans for ground floor of house DP 081175 25/8/1897, DP 081177 25/8/1897 PA 229/2/46/1
Image of the doocot on garage roof 4/1970
East Lothian Council Planning Archive:
Heightening of wall at Muirfield Gate (MG) boundary 162/1967
Erection of a house at Muirfield Gate – no plans 240/1967
Alteration to Muifield Gate cottage 43/1968
Muirfield Green demolition & replacement of greenhouse 47/1975
Planning permission in principal for 2 houses to be erected 533/1976
Muirfield Wood erection of new house 517/1978 & 233/1979
Lawn Cottage in grounds of Muirfield Wood 97/1983
Muirfield Gate cottage new conservatory over a swimming pool 602/1985
Rebuilding and restoration of house and garden walls 11/00129/LBC, 11/00129/P, 12/00084/LBC, 12/00138/P, 12/00692/LBC, 12/00692/P
3. HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS & PICTORIAL SOURCES
1904 Bedford Lemere images RCAHMS BL 15083, 15082 (SC 680153 & SC 680155)
1911-12 Country Life images RCAHMS COL 81051-8 (835354-60 & 853334)
RCAHMS Vertical Aerial Photograph Collection:
TARA RCAHMS OS 62033 0145 1 May 1962
TARA RCAHMS 540/0718 3191 1952
TARA RCAHMS 106G UK 0020 5306 1946
National Library of Scotland:
Muirfield Golf Club Archive ACC 12739 #51, # 52, #58, Aerofilms aerial (part) circa 1954 with 1 May 1956 on back
Image of Harold Macmillan at Muirfield Golf Club 2 June 1954 The Scotsman 000-000-060-118R: 050104816,050140818
Three images of Muirfield Wood House 1980. Private collection
4. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PUBLISHED SOURCES
McWilliam, Colin Lothian Except Edinburgh: The Buildings of Scotland Series 1978 Pevsner Architectural Guides page 230
Muthesius, H Das Englische Haus 1905
Biography of Sydney Mitchell on RCAHMS website
Taylor, Kristina Muirfield Gate, Duncur Road, Gullane (formerly the Pleasance) History and Significance 2010 Lodged in the John Gray Centre, Haddington.
Villa Created 1897 to 1902 by Sydney Mitchell
2-storey rambling plan Arts and Crafts-style house.
Designation status: Historic Environment Scotland Listed Building Grade Category A Reference Ref:1385
Muirfield Gate, formerly The Pleasance, was Sydney Mitchell's own house and garden built into existing woodland and developed in stages between 1897 and 1915, with additions and changes to both the house and garden over this period and accretions of land. Principal views to the north and north-west are to the Forth railway bridge. The flower corridor built in 1907 is unique in garden history and was exotically planted.
In the 1950s the flower corridor and north-east wing were demolished and a garden, with a new driveway to the house, was laid out by Kate Hawkins, a pupil of Brenda Colvin and well-known Scottish designer.
In the 1970s the original grounds of four acres were divided up and four new houses built on the original land holding retaining the nine foot original outer walls along Duncur Road. The Nymphaeum in the south garden was removed and probably the stone recycled in new walling.
Between 2011 and 2013 the new owner re-built the flower corridor (without plants) and north-east wing of the house using Lindsay Buchan architects. A garden restoration designed by Kristina Taylor and Liz Dorrian was completed. Full details of the history of the Muirfield Gate and its garden are contained in ‘Muirfield Gate, Duncur Road, Gullane, Formerly The Pleasance: History and Significance' by Kristina Taylor (2010) in the John Gray Centre, Haddington.
People associated with this site
Architect: Sydney Mitchell (born 01/01/1856 died 13/10/1930)
Feature created: 1897 to 1902
Creator: Sydney Mitchell (born 01/01/1856 died 13/10/1930)
A glazed flower corridor probably unique in garden history. Created around 1899 and demolished in the 1950s, it was reinstated in 2013.
Garden restoration undertaken
Planted: 2011 to 2013
Design and layout by Sydney Mitchell
Planted: 1897 to 1915
Contributor or Recorder Kristina Taylor