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The Pleasance and its gardens were designed and constructed by architect Sydney Mitchell for his own use. Although largely completed by 1897 he undertook successive changes to both house and gardens throughout his life, one such addition being the unique flower corridor constructed in 1907. This was demolished in the 1950s when a new garden and driveway were laid out by garden designer Kate Hawkins, the property by now known as Muirfield Gate. In the 1970s the four acre gardens were subdivided and four additional houses constructed. Between 2011 and 2013 the flower corridor was rebuilt and restoration of the core landscape around Muirfield Gate undertaken. 

Further details about Muirfield Gate are available on the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland website:

http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/346333/details/gullane+duncur+road+the+pleasance/

http://orapweb.rcahms.gov.uk/wp/00/WP003807.pdf

REFERENCES

 

1. MAPPED SOURCES

Unless otherwise stated all maps referenced are from the online National Library of Scotland Map Collection

http://maps.nls.uk

Ordnance Survey Second Edition & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Haddingtonshire Sheet 003.13 Revised 1892, Published 1894

Ordnance Survey Second Edition & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Haddingtonshire Sheet 003.13 Revised circa 1906, Published 1907

Ordnance Survey Second Edition & Later Editions 25 inches to One mile Haddingtonshire Sheet 003.13 Revised circa 1938, Published 1945

 

2. PRIMARY & DOCUMENTARY SOURCES

National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland):

Sydney Mitchell diary from 1930 GD492/51  

Letters sent by Arthur Mitchell from house 7 August 1899, further letters to Lord Bute, and letters dated 8, 10 August GD 492/117

Will of Sydney Mitchell 1930 p251 SC40/43/16 page 251

Inventory 1930 SC40/40/45 page 548 

Sale of land 1897 RS100 138/58 & 140/115

Piece of land along Duncur Road solely for garden use 1911 RS 100 229/73

Completion of land purchase up to 4 acres including rights to take seaware from the shore 1915 RS100  252/48          

Royal Commission on the ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS):

Plans for ground floor of house DP 081175   25/8/1897, DP 081177   25/8/1897  PA 229/2/46/1    

Image of the doocot on garage roof 4/1970

East Lothian Council Planning Archive: 

Heightening of wall at Muirfield Gate (MG) boundary 162/1967   

Erection of a house at Muirfield Gate – no plans 240/1967   

Alteration to Muifield Gate cottage 43/1968      

Muirfield Green demolition & replacement of greenhouse 47/1975    

Planning permission in principal for 2 houses to be erected 533/1976  

Muirfield Wood  erection of new house 517/1978  & 233/1979  

Lawn Cottage in grounds of Muirfield Wood 97/1983    

Muirfield Gate cottage new conservatory over a swimming pool 602/1985   

Rebuilding and restoration of house and garden walls 11/00129/LBC, 11/00129/P,  12/00084/LBC, 12/00138/P, 12/00692/LBC, 12/00692/P

 

3. HISTORICAL ILLUSTRATIONS & PICTORIAL SOURCES

RCAHMS:

1904 Bedford Lemere images RCAHMS BL 15083, 15082  (SC 680153 & SC 680155)   

1911-12 Country Life images RCAHMS COL 81051-8    (835354-60 & 853334)

RCAHMS Vertical Aerial Photograph Collection: 

TARA RCAHMS OS 62033 0145 1 May 1962

TARA RCAHMS 540/0718 3191 1952

TARA RCAHMS 106G UK 0020 5306 1946

National Library of Scotland: 

Muirfield Golf Club Archive ACC 12739  #51, # 52, #58, Aerofilms aerial (part) circa 1954 with 1 May 1956 on back

Scran www.scran.ak.uk: 

Image of Harold Macmillan at Muirfield Golf Club 2 June 1954 The Scotsman 000-000-060-118R: 050104816,050140818 

Three images of Muirfield Wood House 1980. Private collection

 

4. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PUBLISHED SOURCES

McWilliam, Colin Lothian Except Edinburgh: The Buildings of Scotland Series 1978 Pevsner Architectural Guides page 230 

Muthesius, H Das Englische Haus 1905

Biography of Sydney Mitchell on RCAHMS website

Taylor, Kristina Muirfield Gate, Duncur Road, Gullane (formerly the Pleasance) History and Significance 2010 Lodged in the John Gray Centre, Haddington.

Principal building:

Villa Created 1897 to 1902 by Sydney Mitchell

2-storey rambling plan Arts and Crafts-style house.

Designation status: Historic Environment Scotland Listed Building Grade Category A Reference Ref:1385