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Brief description of site

Buckingham Palace has Royal gardens, lake and woodland, covering about 16 hectares. The gardens originated in the 1640s, were re-designed in the late-18th century, and have been further developed in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Brief history of site

In 1608-9 the ground north of the present Buckingham Palace was planted with mulberry trees. In 1640, the interest in the Mulberry Garden was sold to Lord Goring who owned neighbouring Goring House. Following a disastrous fire in about 1674, Arlington rebuilt Goring House, renaming it Arlington House. The Duke of Buckingham bought the site after 1685, and rebuilt the by then ruinous Arlington House and enlarged the site. He located his new house, subsequently renamed Buckingham House, on the main axis of St James's Park. He employed Henry Wise, master gardener to Queen Anne, to make improvements to the gardens and Wise laid out a formal garden largely to the east of the new house. George IV rebuilt the house from 1826, renaming it Buckingham Palace, and at the same time remodelled the garden.

Location information:

Address: Buckingham Palace, London, SW1A 1AA

Locality: Westminster

Local Authorities:

Greater London; Westminster

Historical County: Middlesex

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 176 Grid Ref: TQ289795
Latitude: 51.4997 Longitude: -0.144376

Key information:

Form of site: landscape garden

Purpose of site: pleasure ground

Context or principal building: palace

Site Style : English landscape garden

Site first created: Before 1640

Main period of development: Late 18th century

Survival: Extant

Site Size (Hectares): 16

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