Wimpole Hall, home farm, Cambridge, England
Record Id: 5905
Site is open to the public. Opening may be limited, please check Visitor Information for any restrictions.
Part/component area of: Wimpole Hall
Brief description of site
Features of Wimpole Home Farm include horse stables, pigsties, various yards and a dairy. Several of the farm buildings are listed grade II or II*.
Brief history of site
Wimpole Home Farm was created in the late-18th century as a model farm. It was designed for the third Lord Hardwicke by Sir John Soane.
Address: Arrington, Royston, SG8 0BW
Cambridgeshire; South Cambridgeshire; Wimpole
Historical County: Cambridgeshire
|OS Landranger Map Sheet Number:||154||Grid Ref:||TL341514|
Opening contact details:
The farm is open daily between February and October, and weekends only in the winter.
Form of site: garden
Purpose of site: Food/drink production
Context or principal building: farm
Site first created: 1790 to 1806
Main period of development: Late 18th century
Soane’s plan of 1796 incporporated a large barn, cow stalls, stables for the worked horses, pigsties, cart sheds, a slaughter area and a dairy. A series of deer pens were built as the herd at Wimpole suffered a rare disease in 1794. In 1860 an octagonal dairy and farm-house were built.
Although the layout as proposed by Soane was not built to his plan, and several individual buildings have been demolished, what remains gives a good impression of a model farm located within the park.
The byre and fold yards represent the need for shelter for cows. But as more cows were kept, a middle range was built and the rick yard was made into fold yards for the cattle. The cartsheds are open fronted and built for eight carts and two waggons, but by 1834 space for 15 carts was required. The barn was completed in 1796.
The barn now houses the museum, and is thatched with double entrances opening on to threshing floors. The stables for the 15 working horses were also used for ploughs and cart traces. The fields immediately around the Home Farm are now used for grazing rare breeds of farm animals, which are in danger of extinction.
Owner: The National Trust
Heelis, Kemble Drive, Swindon
Farm House Created 1860
External web site link: http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/wimpole-estate/
External web site link: http://www.wimpole.org/
Between 1790 and 1806 Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke commissioned various work at Wimpole Hall by Sir John Soane. Yorke was passionately interested in farming and the estate soon became well known for its progressive agriculture. Soane designed the agricultural buildings for Yorke’s model farm. This was built to the north-east of the Hall so that Yorke could keep his eye on the farm.
People associated with this site
Designer: Sir John Soane (born 10/09/1753 died 20/01/1837)
Feature created: 1796
The stables for the 15 working horses were also used for ploughs and cart traces.
Feature created: 1860
The barn now houses the museum, and is thatched with double entrances opening on to threshing floors.
Organisations associated with this site
The National Trust Role: Owner
Contributor or Recorder Cambridgeshire Gardens Trust