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Brief description of site

Bowood is an 18th-century landscape park and woodland of some 36 hectares, with a 19th-century terraced garden. There is also a separate 19th- and 20th-century rhododendron woodland of 20 hectares, set within a larger park, woodland and agricultural land of some 500 hectares.

Brief history of site

The first Earl of Shelburne purchased Bowood in 1754 and completed the house started in the early-18th century. An early 18th-century park is recorded in a contemporary painting and maps. In 1755-60 the first Earl commissioned the architect Henry Keene to enlarge the house and in 1757 he asked Lancelot Brown to give advice on a landscape garden to complement the new house. Robert Adam made alterations to the house in the 1760s and also designed a mausoleum in the park. Robert Smirke constructed an upper terrace outside Robert Adam's mid-18th-century orangery, which connected the pavilions of the main house. Later, in 1848, the third Marquess introduced a large pinetum.

Location information:

Address: Derry Hill, SN11 0LZ

Locality: Calne

Local Authorities:

Wiltshire; Calne Without

Historical County: Wiltshire

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 173 Grid Ref: ST974699
Latitude: 51.4281 Longitude: -2.03879


The site is south of the M4 at junction 17.

Visitor facilities

Opening contact details:

The gardens are open between March and November from 11 am.

Key information:

Form of site: country estate

Purpose of site: Ornamental

Context or principal building: house

Site first created: Before 1754

Main period of development: Mid 18th century

Survival: Extant

Site Size (Hectares): 550

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