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Brief description of site

Wycombe Abbey has an 18th-century landscape park, which at its most extensive occupied about 180 hectares. The site has earlier origins, the present grounds being designed to complement the present house, built in 1798. The estate is now in divided use and ownership. The main grounds around the school occupies about 20 hectares within total site of about 70 hectares.

Brief history of site

The house may be on the site of the medieval Hospital of St Margaret and St Giles. By the early-17th century Loakes Manor house had superseded the hospital. The third Earl of Shelburne inherited in 1761 and improved the grounds, probably using Lancelot Brown. In 1798 the third Earl sold Loakes Manor to Robert Smith, who employed James Wyatt to remodel and extend Loakes in the Gothic style about 1803-1804. The Abbey house and 12.5 hectares of land were sold in 1896 to a syndicate who created Wycombe Abbey School.

Location information:

Address: Wycombe Abbey School, Abbey Way, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, HP11 1PE

Locality: High Wycombe

Local Authorities:

Buckinghamshire; Wycombe

Historical County: Buckinghamshire

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 165 Grid Ref: SU860920
Latitude: 51.6203 Longitude: -0.759173


On the south side of Wycombe.

Key information:

Form of site: landscape park

Purpose of site: Ornamental

Context or principal building: school

Main period of development: Mid 18th century

Survival: Extant

Site Size (Hectares): 70

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