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Brief description of site

Bayfordbury is a landscape park originating in the mid-18th century with further development in the 19th century. The park has notable trees and a pinetum. Since the mid-20th century the estate has been in divided use and ownership. The house and immediate grounds are privately owned and not open to visitors. The remainder, including the Clinton-Baker pinetum with Pulhamite grotto, is occupied by the University of Hertfordshire Science Learning Centre. Much of the estate has now been returned to agriculture.

Brief history of site

Jane Cottrell and Harriet Baker, daughters and co-heiresses of Jane Aldemare from whom they inherited Bayford manor, sold the estate to Sir William Baker (died 1770) in 1758. Sir William built a house on the former farmland, 1759-62, surrounding it with a landscape park in which a collection of cedars of Lebanon were planted in 1765 as nine-year-old saplings.

Location information:

Address: Science Learning Centre, University of Hertfordshire, Bayfordbury, Hertford, Hertfordshire, SG13 8LD

Locality: Hertford

Local Authorities:

Hertfordshire; East Hertfordshire; Bayford

Historical County: Hertfordshire

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 166 Grid Ref: TL314102
Latitude: 51.7751 Longitude: -0.096866


South of Hertford, south of the B158

Visitor facilities

Opening contact details:

The Pinetum is closed to members of the general public, but is open to Members of the Friends of the Clinton-Baker Pinetum.

Key information:

Form of site: landscape park

Purpose of site: Ornamental

Context or principal building: education

Site first created: 1759 to 1762

Main period of development: Mid 18th century

Survival: Part: standing remains

Site Size (Hectares): 138

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