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Brief description of site

St James' Park covers about 32 hectares. Clumps of shrubs and trees decorate the undulating ground which slopes down towards the lake in the centre of the site.

Brief history of site

The marshy site was acquired in 1532 and drained for a deer park by Henry VIII, who built St James's Palace as a hunting lodge. In the 17th century St James's Park was remodelled for James I and later for Charles II who opened it to the public. Its formal layout had avenues of trees, lawns and a rectangular canal extending for around 900m. In 1828/9 it was drastically re-landscaped by John Nash, and his undulating landscape essentially remains, the lake the central feature with an island at each end, belts of trees along boundaries, extensive lawns and winding paths. Pulham & Co constructed various works in 1895 and 1899, including rockwork on the lake edge, 'Cormorant & Pelican islands' for the park's birdlife and a small rocky pool along the inner bank of the island. The western end of the park and lake were remodelled in 1901-11 to accommodate the rond-point of the Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens.

Location information:

Address: St James' Park Office, The Storeyard, Horse Guards Road, St James's Park, London, SW1A 2BJ

Locality: Central London

Local Authorities:

Greater London; Westminster

Historical County: Middlesex

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 176 Grid Ref: TQ296798
Latitude: 51.5023 Longitude: -0.134187


St James's Park underground station (District and Circle lines).

Visitor facilities

Opening contact details:

The park is open from 5 am to midnight throughout the year.

Visitor information:

WCs. Refreshments. Disabled access.

Key information:

Form of site: royal park

Purpose of site: public park

Context or principal building: parks, gardens and urban spaces

Site first created: 1532

Main period of development: Early 19th century

Survival: Extant

Site Size (Hectares): 32

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