St James' Park, Westminster, Central London, England
Record Id: 3093
Site is open to the public. Opening may be limited, please check Visitor Information for any restrictions.
Brief description of site
St James' Park covers about 32 hectares. Clumps of shrubs and trees decorate the undulating ground which slopes down towards the lake in the centre of the site.
Brief history of site
The marshy site was acquired in 1532 and drained for a deer park by Henry VIII, who built St James's Palace as a hunting lodge. In the 17th century St James's Park was remodelled for James I and later for Charles II who opened it to the public. Its formal layout had avenues of trees, lawns and a rectangular canal extending for around 900m. In 1828/9 it was drastically re-landscaped by John Nash, and his undulating landscape essentially remains, the lake the central feature with an island at each end, belts of trees along boundaries, extensive lawns and winding paths. Pulham & Co constructed various works in 1895 and 1899, including rockwork on the lake edge, 'Cormorant & Pelican islands' for the park's birdlife and a small rocky pool along the inner bank of the island. The western end of the park and lake were remodelled in 1901-11 to accommodate the rond-point of the Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens.
Address: St James' Park Office, The Storeyard, Horse Guards Road, St James's Park, London, SW1A 2BJ
Locality: Central London
Greater London; Westminster
Historical County: Middlesex
|OS Landranger Map Sheet Number:||176||Grid Ref:||TQ296798|
St James's Park underground station (District and Circle lines).
Opening contact details:
The park is open from 5 am to midnight throughout the year.
WCs. Refreshments. Disabled access.
Form of site: royal park
Purpose of site: public park
Context or principal building: parks, gardens and urban spaces
Site first created: 1532
Main period of development: Early 19th century
Site Size (Hectares): 32