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Brief description of site

Napsbury Hospital is an echelon-style mental asylum, with grounds designed by William Goldring in an informal style.

Brief history of site

The asylum, founded in 1898, was designed in 1900 and opened in 1905 as the pauper asylum for the County of Middlesex. The grounds were laid out in about 1902 by William Goldring. The hospital was closed in 1998 and the site has been redeveloped.

Location information:

Address: Napsbury Hospital, Shenley Lane, London Colney, St Albans, Hertfordshire, AL2 1US

Locality: St Albans

Local Authorities:

Hertfordshire; St Albans; London Colney

Historical County: Hertfordshire

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 166 Grid Ref: TL166039
Latitude: 51.7217 Longitude: -0.313383

Directions:

South of the A414, west of London Colney.

Key information:

Form of site: estate

Purpose of site: asylum landscape

Context or principal building: asylum

Site Style : informal

Site first created: 1898 to 1905

Main period of development: Early 20th century

Survival: Part: standing remains

Site Size (Hectares): 100

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