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Brief description of site

The site of Gray's Inn probably dates from the 14th century. The present gardens (known as The Walks) were originally laid out by Sir Francis Bacon after 1598, and have been altered and developed to their present size from the 18th century onwards.

Brief history of site

In the mid-16th century the Inn consisted of a single court and a walled garden area to the north. A railed walk was laid out in an area of ground known as the Field by 1568. A committee, which included Francis Bacon, was set up in 1587 to decide what to do with the Field. Part of the field was enclosed with a brick wall in 1598, establishing several distinct areas. In 1608-1609 a Mount, with a pavilion, was made in the centre of the Upper Walks. Between 1609 and 1612 a bowling green was laid in the Low Garden, which was outside the north wall, and a kitchen garden was laid out in the north-east of the gardens. The layout was simplified in the late-18th century.

Location information:

Address: Treasury Office, 8 South Square, London, WC1R 5ET

Locality: Holborn

Local Authorities:

Greater London; Camden

Historical County: Middlesex

OS Landranger Map Sheet Number: 176 Grid Ref: TQ309818
Latitude: 51.52 Longitude: -0.114727

Directions:

Located between High Holborn and Theobalds Road, in Holborn. Nearest tube station - Chancery Lane (District line).

Visitor facilities

Opening contact details:

The gardens are open Monday-Friday 12-2.30pm (Walks).

Key information:

Form of site: formal garden

Purpose of site: pleasure garden

Context or principal building: parks, gardens and urban spaces

Site first created: After 1534

Main period of development: 16th century

Survival: Part: standing remains

Site Size (Hectares): 2.21

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