Use Places & People to search over 6,600 parks and gardens in the UK and 2,100 biographies of people associated with them. Image location: Bedgebury National Pinetum

Learn about the rich heritage of parks and gardens in Topics.
Image location: Powis Castle

Follow News & Events, updated regularly with the latest information affecting historic parks and gardens. Image location: Sheffield Botanical Gardens

Visit the Schools for ideas and activities to encourage the interest of children and young people in their local parks. Image location: Trentham

Join us as a volunteer and Research & Record historic parks and gardens in your area.
Image location: Cirencester Abbey

View the Illustrated Glossary which provides definitions and accompanying images for terms and concepts associated with historic parks and gardens. Image location: Pannett Park

Stephen Switzer - pioneer of the English landscape garden

Article Index

  1. Stephen Switzer - pioneer of the English landscape garden
  2. Early career
  3. Influential projects
  4. Publications
  5. Later career
  6. Sources
  7. All Pages


Later career

From the 1720s Switzer worked from a small-scale practice based in Westminster. Having married Elizabeth (further details of whom are unknown) he became a seedsman, running a lucrative trade from premises at Westminster Hall. He soon became a public figure by writing widely on the subject of improvement, dealing more specifically with fertilisers, hydraulics and beneficial legumes (Brogden 2004).

Switzer died on 8 June 1745 at his home in Millbank and was buried five days later at St Margaret's Westminster. He died a rich man having had a significant influence on the creation and form of designed landscapes in the early part of the 18th century.