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The Walled Kitchen Garden

Article Index

  1. The Walled Kitchen Garden
  2. The site
  3. The walls
  4. Layout
  5. Other features
  6. Fruit and vegetable production
  7. Glasshouses, frames and pits
  8. Pineapple pits
  9. Vineries
  10. Back sheds
  11. The workforce
  12. The future of walled gardens
  13. Sources and images
  14. All Pages
 

 

Glasshouses, frames and pits

Glass structures played a crucial role in the intensive production of vegetables and fruit. By the 19th century a huge range of glasshouses was available for the production of every conceivable type of fruit, vegetable and flower.

Vineries, pine-pits, peach houses, forcing houses, cold frames and pits were all used in the quest to produce out-of-season food. Every walled kitchen garden would have a range of glass, from one or two in the most modest establishments to dozens in the grander gardens.

The glasshouse was a development of the 16th-century orangery, a rather inefficient structure for the over-wintering of what were known as ‘greens' - tender evergreen plants, including orange trees. Indeed one could say that the technology of glasshouses was driven by the introduction of three fruits: the orange, the pineapple and the grape (Campbell 2005, p.151). Orangeries, however, are outside the scope of this article.