Use Places & People to search over 6,600 parks and gardens in the UK and 2,100 biographies of people associated with them. Image location: Bedgebury National Pinetum

Learn about the rich heritage of parks and gardens in Topics.
Image location: Powis Castle

Follow News & Events, updated regularly with the latest information affecting historic parks and gardens. Image location: Sheffield Botanical Gardens

Visit the Schools for ideas and activities to encourage the interest of children and young people in their local parks. Image location: Trentham

Join us as a volunteer and Research & Record historic parks and gardens in your area.
Image location: Cirencester Abbey

View the Illustrated Glossary which provides definitions and accompanying images for terms and concepts associated with historic parks and gardens. Image location: Pannett Park

The Walled Kitchen Garden

Article Index

  1. The Walled Kitchen Garden
  2. The site
  3. The walls
  4. Layout
  5. Other features
  6. Fruit and vegetable production
  7. Glasshouses, frames and pits
  8. Pineapple pits
  9. Vineries
  10. Back sheds
  11. The workforce
  12. The future of walled gardens
  13. Sources and images
  14. All Pages


Glasshouses, frames and pits

Glass structures played a crucial role in the intensive production of vegetables and fruit. By the 19th century a huge range of glasshouses was available for the production of every conceivable type of fruit, vegetable and flower.

Vineries, pine-pits, peach houses, forcing houses, cold frames and pits were all used in the quest to produce out-of-season food. Every walled kitchen garden would have a range of glass, from one or two in the most modest establishments to dozens in the grander gardens.

The glasshouse was a development of the 16th-century orangery, a rather inefficient structure for the over-wintering of what were known as ‘greens' - tender evergreen plants, including orange trees. Indeed one could say that the technology of glasshouses was driven by the introduction of three fruits: the orange, the pineapple and the grape (Campbell 2005, p.151). Orangeries, however, are outside the scope of this article.